Top Healthy Foods for People with Kidney Disease


Every organ in the body has a role to play regardless of its size. Kidneys are essential organs in the body. Without them, it may be difficult for you to live a healthy and long life. Kidneys have a lot of work in the body.

One of its important jobs is to break down and remove toxins and waste from the body. Apart from that, kidneys release hormones such as Erythropoietin which are essential for the proper functioning of the body. According to statistics, over 40,000 Americans died of kidney-related complications in 2013 alone.

A lot of factors can cause kidney diseases. These factors include high blood pressure, unregulated blood sugar, age, drug abuse, and even gender. Kidney disease can be prevented or even kept at bay, depending on the stage of the illness. People with advanced kidney complications have to undergo a kidney transplant or undergo regular dialysis to remove toxins from the body.

However, those with early stages of kidney complications are advised to eat certain foods that have small amounts of sodium, phosphorus, potassium, and even protein during the initial stages of the kidney disease. Below is a list of nine foods that people with kidney complications are encouraged to eat. Here they are.

1. Cauliflower


Cauliflower is a kidney-friendly vegetable that helps prevent kidney diseases. Cauliflower reduces inflammation and helps in the oxidation of fat in the kidney. This improves the efficiency of the organ in excreting toxins out of the body.

It contains nutrients such as vitamin C, vitamin K, and folate. Cauliflower contains fibers that help during digestion. One cup or 124 grams of cauliflower contains 19 mg of sodium, 176 mg of potassium, and 40 mg phosphorous. Cauliflower not only improves how the kidney functions but also other organs like the liver. It can be eaten raw, roasted, or even mashed depending on your preference.

2. Blueberries


Blueberries are one of the most nutritious fruits. Not only are they good for your kidney but also your entire body. It is rich in vitamins, fiber, and manganese which strengthens your bones. Blueberries contain zero calories, which is suitable for your heart and body weight Studies show that blueberries can also help prevent diseases like cancer, diabetes, heart diseases, and many more.

People with kidney problems are also encouraged to eat blueberries because they are low in nutrients that worsen kidney functions. A cup of blueberries (148 grams) contains 1.5 mg of sodium, 114mg of potassium and 18 mg of phosphorous.

3. Sea bass


Fish is generally good for people who have kidney-complications. Fish contain healthy calories, which are essential for strengthening the body’s immune system.

Fish and sea bass included helps prevent diseases like cancer, chronic illnesses, kidney complications, and many more. However, people with kidney complications are encouraged to eat sea bass more than other kinds of seafood.

It contains proteins that produce high-quality omega-3, which are low in phosphorus compared to other seafood. Eighty-five grams of seabass has 74 mg of sodium, 279 mg of potassium, and 211 mg of phosphorus.

4. Red Grapes


Grapes are lovely and juicy. They contain natural and healthy sugars which give you energy longer than manufactured beverages. Kidney patients are encouraged to eat red grapes because they contain high amounts of vitamins and flavonoids.

Flavanoids have a lot of advantages for the body. They help in preventing and reducing inflammation in the body. Besides that, flavonoids encourage a good flow of blood in the body and help prevent the body from diseases like cancer and many more. Half a cup of grapes contains 1 mg of sodium, 88 mg of potassium, and 4 mg of phosphorus.

5. Egg whites


Egg whites are a rich source of high-quality proteins with small amounts of phosphorus compared to other sources of proteins. People undergoing dialysis are encouraged to eat egg whites because they need a lot of proteins.

Two egg whites contain 7 grams of proteins 110 mg of sodium, 108 mg of potassium, and 10 mg of phosphorus.

6. Garlic


Garlic is a common household spice. Besides making your food sweeter garlic also contains a lot of medicinal properties. Eating garlic can help prevent common illnesses like flu to severe diseases like heart disease and Alzheimer’s disease.

It also contains nutrients like vitamins C, vitamin B6, manganese, iron, and many more. One clove of garlic contains 1 mg of sodium, 12 mg of potassium, and 4 mg of phosphorus.

7. Buckwheat


Doctors encourage people with kidney complications to include whole grains into their diet, especially buckwheat. However, the majority of them are rich in phosphorous. Buckwheat is rich in magnesium, iron, vitamins, and fiber.

People who are gluten intolerant can eat buckwheat because it is a gluten-free vegetable. It also contains small amounts of sodium, potassium, and phosphorus. Eighty-four grams of ready to eat buckwheat contains 3.5 mg of sodium, 74 mg of potassium, and 59 mg of phosphorus.

8. Olive oil


People have been using olive oil for centuries because it is one of the healthiest fats. People with kidney complications are encouraged to use olive oil because it is very healthy and contains zero phosphorus.

Olive oil contains anti-inflammatory properties. During the advanced stages of kidney disease, patients struggle to keep their weight in check. They are encouraged to cook with olive oil because it is healthier.

Cooking with olive oil helps prevent chronic diseases and even cancer. Twenty-eight grams of olive oil contains 0.6 mg of sodium, 0.3 mg of potassium, and no phosphorus.

9. Arugula


Arugula belongs to the cruciferous vegetable family, which includes the likes of broccoli, kale, spinach, cabbage, and many others. They are all healthy, but patients who suffer from kidney disease are encouraged to eat arugula more. It contains less potassium compared to other vegetables in the cruciferous family.

Arugula contains nitrates that help in regulating blood pressure, which is crucial for someone with a kidney disease patient. It also contains other nutrients like vitamin K, calcium, and manganese, which strengthens bones and teeth. Twenty grams of raw arugula contains 6 mg of sodium, 74 mg of potassium, and 10 mg of phosphorus.



Always seek advice from a doctor or a professional nutritionist on how you should eat. That way, you will be sure of how you should eat and what you should be eating. You should always avoid processed food. Most of them contain a lot of sodium, sugar, and salt, which is not suitable for someone with kidney issues.

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